The Republic of Komi is located in the northeastern European part of Russia. The distance between Moscow and Syktyvkar, the capital of the Republic of Komi, is 1,410 km. The area of the Republic of Komi is 416,800 km2. The republic stretches from south-west to north-east for almost 1,275 km and from west to east for 695 km.
Major cities are Syktyvkar, Inta, Pechora, Sosnogorsk, Ukhta, Vorkuta and Usinsk.
Main tourist attractions
The Republic of Komi has several kinds of attractions. Fist of all, it’s the beautiful nature provinces with remarkable views: Manpupuner Rock Formations, UNESCO National Park “Yugyd Va”, Pechoro-Ilychsky State Nature Biosphere Reserve. All that places are situated in the Ural mountains.
Another tourism destination is Historical and Cultural potential of the Republic of Komi. Various types of historical monuments, museums, memorial places, buildings and constructions are closely linked to the historical events as well as to old holidays and traditions.
Here we will give you an overview of all points of interest, but if you want to find out some more interesting information and amazing images, you could visit official Tourist Information portal.
The Ural Mountains
A considerable part of the territory is a hilly plain. The Ural Mountains serve as an eastern border. Around 32,800 km2 of mostly boreal forests in the Republic’s Northern Ural Mountains was recognized in 1995 as a UNESCO World Heritage site, Virgin Komi Forests. It is the first natural UNESCO World Heritage site in Russia and the largest expanse of virgin forests in Europe. Komi is home to Manpupuner, one of the Seven Wonders of Russia, a mysterious site in the northern Ural mountains made out of seven rock towers known as the “7 strong men”.
The location in the subarctic and moderate climatic zones determines climate conditions: long and severe winters, short and relatively cool summers. The average January temperatures range between -17.5 degrees and -26.6 degrees; the average July temperatures range between +15.1 degrees and +12.2 degrees.
The Republic is a multinational region
It is home to just under 1.0 million people of more than 100 nations and nationalities. Nationally, the Russians (59,6 %) and the Komi (25,2 %) prevail. 76 % of the people live in urban areas and 24 % are village residents.
Komi people first appear in the records in the 12th century when East Slavic traders travelled to the Perm region in search of furs and animal hides. The Komi territories came under the influence of Moscow in the late Middle Ages. Starting from the expeditions in 1843, the Komi territory was most extensively explored in the 19th and the beginning of the 20th centuries by the Russians, who found plentiful reservoirs of various minerals, as well as timber, to exploit. After the founding of the Soviet Union, the Komi Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic was established with its administrative center located at the town of Syktyvkar.
Economy of the Republic of Komi
Komi’s major industries include oil and gas production and refining, timber and electric power industries. The Republic of Komi is a leader in oil, gas and coal production. The timber industry is second largest in the Republic’s industrial structure. It is represented by logging, sawmilling, pulp and paper companies. The key players in the local timber sector are JSC Mondi Syktyvkar, LLC Syktyvkar Tissue Group, Inc. Mondi Syktyvkar’s annual production capacity is 570,000 tons of pulp and 858,000 tons of cardboard and paper products.
The Republic of Komi maintains and expands its relations at the national and international levels focusing on its cooperation with the Russian north-western regions, BEAR countries, Finno-Ugric countries and regions, North Europe, the European Union and CIS countries.